Gerhard Helle, First Secretary, Universal Postal Union, Berne. Xander Jansen, Gert Grenander, , Sjoerd Cranen, Reinier Olislagers, Ken Martin, Roland Witvoet, Richard Paul, Liza R (Netherlands). lists of state/province abbreviations, additional examples), and there is a comprehensive page of links to postcode lookups for each member country HERE.John Klensin, Alexander Svensson, Alex Bochannek, Asmus Freytag, Otto Stolz, Claus Langhans, Clemens Gutweiler, Ralph Babel, David Krings, Jens Peter Hammer, Christian Asche (Germany). USPS Service Updates The United States Postal service delivers mail to most of the countries on earth, but there are some exceptions and restrictions owing to politics (Cuba), war (Gaza), natural disasters (Haiti), or other factors such as isolation (Pitcairn Island).International mail from the USA to any country but Canada goes to a single location in that country for sorting and separation.
The Internet makes matters simultaneously better and worse: better because now we can link to the postal authorities in each country and to other relevant sites, worse because web addresses change out from underneath us constantly. August 2006: The UPU's website has changed a lot since I wrote the previous paragraph.
Thus any document like this is doomed to decay over time if it's not constantly maintained. Feel free to report stale links, or send corrections, suggestions, or new information, by e-mail to Aleida Morel (Dominican Republic), Mari Carmen Fonseca, Juan Castro, Patrick Decker, Andrew Leonard, Beth Espy (México). Roberto Homs (Cuba), بهاء عبيدات / Baha Obeidat (Palestine), Felipe Zapata Roldán (Colombia), Josh Gross, Kevin Tarr (Costa Rica); Johnny Franco Arboine (Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Ecuador); Craig Hartnett, Doug Ewell, Alexis Hunt (Canada), Irineu de Assis (Bolivia, Paraguay, and Colombia), Cord Wischhöfer, ISO 3166/MA-Secretariat (Europe & North Africa). The addressing recommendations for each country, which are found HERE, now have dates, and have more information (e.g.
All opinions and conclusions are those of the author (or the contributors or references cited). (Peter) Mazereeuw, John Robertson (the ex-Netherlands Antilles). Miikka-Markus Alhonen, Marco Cimarosti, Kent Karlsson, Celvin Niklas Jojakin Ruisdael, Hans Schievelkamp, Pete Russel, Doug Ewell, Philip Newton, Jim Brent, Christian Rosner, Howard Laker, Cassandra Phillips-Sears, Austin Knight, G.
Apologies for any inappropriate terminology, especially since this document aims to eradicate it. Herbke, Joshua Holman, George Rhoten, Jay Davis, Tom Richards, Malik Kalfane, Jean-Christophe Deschamps, Chris Morris, Bettina Morton, Gregg Lobdell, Paul Buhler, Steve Williamson, the IBM International Components for Unicode (ICU) library, and the Web page Country names in various languages by Werner Fröhlich for several of the native-script country names (Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, etc).
This document started in the 1980s as a short tip-sheet, organized geographically, with sections for regions or specific countries. Note that the general problem – how to address mail from country A to country B, for all A's and B's – is an n × n problem, of which this document attempts to address only one dimension: mail from the USA to elsewhere. The criterion used in this document is simple: if the USPS lists it in its Index to Countries and Localities, we treat it as a country.
Then about 1990, everything changed – the breakup of the Soviet Union, the reunification of Germany, the breakups of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. But even this is a moving target as addressing guidelines and formats of each country are constantly revised. Thus some localities (such as Reunion Island) that are not distinct countries are listed, whereas other localities that consider themselves countries (such as Western Sahara) are not listed (but still discussed). I've made a few groupings like this for convenience, e.g.
Hence the sections labeled The 14 November 2000 edition adds links to postal authorities in many countries, which are recapitulated alphabetically (in English) in the INDEX at the end. Craig Hartnett (Zambia, Zimbabwe, Rhodesia, Nyasaland). John Hagerson (Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Vietnam, Israel, Serbia, Egypt). Similarly, saying that a particular country is in Europe or Africa or Latin America or Asia or the Middle East can be controversial. There were no standard or recommended names for countries.
The edition adds ISO 3166-1 codes to the country list in Index; this is the familiar Internet top-level domain (TLD) for each country (in most cases), and these are also used on international mail containers, machine-readable passports, and in national currency identifiers. The February 2003 version is much expanded, including new tables and sections for Africa, the Mideast, Latin America, and with each country name in the Index linking back to the relevant section of the main document. Elizabeth Eggers, Ken Westmoreland, Ben Arnold, Derek Sivers, Andrew Kerkham (New Zealand). The situation has improved since then with the appearance of the USPS International Mail Manual (IMM), including an , first discovered (by me) in 2000, newly available in HTML so we can link directly to it and to sections of it.
WAS A PUBLIC SERVICE OF the ex-KERMIT PROJECT AT COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY. Mc Kown, US Army Postal Operations, Germany (APO/FPO/DPO). Farnworth, Andrew Leonard, Chris Woodhouse (Royal Mail), Philip Woods, John Marsh, Paolo Montanelli, Angela Watts, Gary Delaney, Kevin Tarr, "Rick".