Another 3 million Armenians live in various countries of the ex-Soviet Union—mainly in Russia.
Armenians have called themselves Torkomian or Torgomian .
They also call themselves Haigi serount or Haiki seround , descendants of Haig/Haik. Armenia has been identified with the mountainous Armenian plateau since pre-Roman times.
In the 1980s, linguists drew attention to the existence of many similarities between the Indo-European and Semitic languages.
The only way to explain the linguistic similarities between these two linguistic groups would be to geographically move the cradle of the Indo-European linguistic groups farther east, to the Armenian plateau.
The plateau is bordered on the east by Iran, on the west by Asia Minor, on the north by the Transcaucasian plains, and on the south by the Mesopotamian plains.
The plateau consists of a complex set of mountain ranges, volcanic peaks, valleys, lakes, and rivers.
There is also "Grabar" Armenian, the original written language, which is still used in the liturgy of the Armenian national (Apostolic) church. Mount Ararat has had symbolic significance for all Armenians. It may be seen on the horizon from Yerevan, but like a mirage it remains inaccessible to Armenians.
Ancient manuscripts depicting the history of Armenia are housed in the national library, Madenataran, and are valued national and historical treasures.
They fought the Roman legions and the Sassanid Persians, and in most cases lost.