In a separate question, 61% of voters supported statehood (excluding the 26% of voters who left this question blank). Congress in the form of a Resident Commissioner, a delegate with limited no voting rights. Congress directed local government to organize a constitutional convention to write the Puerto Rico Constitution in 1951. Under Puerto Rico Law, these ballots are not considered cast votes and are therefore not reflected in the final tally.On December 11, 2012, Puerto Rico's legislature resolved to request that the President and the U. Congress act on the results, end the current form of territorial status and begin the process of admitting Puerto Rico to the Union as a state. The island's ultimate status has not been determined as of 2012, and its residents do not have voting representation in their federal government. Like the states, Puerto Rico has self-rule, a republican form of government organized pursuant to a constitution adopted by its people, and a bill of rights. The acceptance of that constitution by Puerto Rico's electorate, the U. However, more than one in four voters abstained from answering the question on the preferred alternative status.The commission's May 2016 report states: "With academics from the University of Guam, [the Commission] was working to create and approve educational materials.
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The 110th Congress returned the Commissioner's power to vote in the Committee of the Whole, but not on matters where the vote would represent a decisive participation. presidential elections, provided they reside in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia and not in Puerto Rico itself. Most Puerto Rico residents do not pay federal income tax but do pay federal payroll taxes (Social Security and Medicare). This is a history-making moment where voters asked to move forward." Several days after the referendum, the Resident Commissioner Pedro Pierluisi, Governor Luis Fortuño, and Governor-elect Alejandro García Padilla wrote separate letters to the President of the United States, Barack Obama, addressing the results of the voting.
Puerto Rico has elections on the United States presidential primary or caucus of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party to select delegates to the respective parties' national conventions although presidential electors are not granted on the Electoral College. However, federal employees, those who do business with the federal government, Puerto Rico–based corporations that intend to send funds to the U. Pierluisi urged Obama to begin legislation in favor of the statehood of Puerto Rico, in light of its win in the referendum.
On June 11, 2017, another non-binding referendum was held where 97.7 percent voted and favored the statehood option. sovereignty for over a century after it was ceded to the U. by Spain following the end of the Spanish–American War, and Puerto Ricans have been U. Statehood opponents have argued that the statehood option garnered only 45 percent of the votes if abstentions are included.
The turn out for this vote was a low 23 percent, but some leaders of the New Progressive Party say this is because of migration of Puerto Ricans to mainland. Puerto Ricans have participated in all American wars since 1898; 52 Puerto Ricans had been killed in the Iraq War and War in Afghanistan by November 2012. Shortly after the results were published Puerto Rico-born U. Congressman José Enrique Serrano commented "I was particularly impressed with the outcome of the 'status' referendum in Puerto Rico.
The "51st state", in post-1959 American political discourse, is a phrase that refers to areas or locales that are – seriously or facetiously – considered candidates for U. statehood, joining the 50 states that presently compose the United States.
The phrase has been applied to external territories as well as parts of existing states which would be admitted as separate states in their own right. It can also be used in a pejorative sense, meaning an area or region is perceived to be under excessive American cultural or military influence or control.If the majority voted for Independence/Free Association, a second vote would have been held to determine the preference: full independence as a nation or associated free state status with independence but with a "free and voluntary political association" between Puerto Rico and the United States. That document might cover topics such as the role of the US military in Puerto Rico, the use of the U. currency, free trade between the two entities, and whether Puerto Ricans would be U. Regardless of the outcome of the referendum or the bill on drafting a constitution, action by Congress would be necessary to implement changes to the status of Puerto Rico under the Territorial Clause of the United States Constitution. Guam (formally the Territory of Guam) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States. Governor Eddie Baza Calvo intended to include one during the island's November 2016 elections but it was delayed again. In 2013, the Commission began seeking funding to start a public education campaign.The specifics of the association agreement would be detailed in the Compact of Free Association that would be negotiated between the U. If the majority of Puerto Ricans were to choose the Free Association option – and only 33% voted for it in 2012 – and if it were granted by the US Congress, Puerto Rico would become a Free Associated State, a virtually independent nation. This could give Puerto Rico a similar status to Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, and Palau, countries which currently have a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Located in the western Pacific Ocean, Guam is one of five American territories with an established civilian government. A Commission on Decolonization was established in 1997 to educate the people of Guam about the various political status options in its relationship with the U. There were few subsequent developments until late 2016.On February 12, 2014, Senator Martin Heinrich introduced a bill in the US Senate.The bill would require a binding referendum to be held in Puerto Rico asking whether the territory wants to be admitted as a state.This referendum was boycotted by the other two parties of opposition. A majority of those voting signaled the desire to change the current territorial status.