The first cathedral was built on the present site in 700 when Bishop Hædde built a new church to house the bones of St Chad, which had become the centre of a sacred shrine to many pilgrims when he died in 672.
The burial in the cathedral of the kings of Mercia, Wulfhere in 674 and Ceolred in 716, further increased the city's prestige.
The city's recorded history began when Chad of Mercia arrived to establish his Bishopric in 669 AD and the settlement grew as the ecclesiastical centre of Mercia.
Traces of Neolithic settlement have been discovered on the south side of the sandstone ridge occupied by Lichfield Cathedral.
2.2 mi (3.5 km) south-west of Lichfield, near the point where Icknield Street crosses Watling Street was the site of Letocetum (the Brittonic *Lētocaiton, "Greywood").
The centre of the city has over 230 listed buildings (including many examples of Georgian architecture), and preserves much of its historic character.
The origin of the modern name "Lichfield" is twofold.
In 786 King Offa made the city an archbishopric with authority over all the bishops from the Humber to the River Thames; his appointee was Archbishop Hygeberht.
After King Offa's death in 796, Lichfield's power waned; in 803 the primacy was restored to Canterbury by Pope Leo III after only 16 years.
Packed with things to do and see - from the thrills and spills of Drayton Manor, to the serenity of the National Memorial Arboretum - there's something to suit all tastes and budgets.
One of eight civil parishes with city status in England, Lichfield is situated roughly 16 mi (26 km) north of Birmingham.
The Historia Brittonum lists the city as one of the 28 cities of Britain around AD 833.
During the 9th century, Mercia was devastated by Danish Vikings.
Established in AD 50 as a Roman military fortress, it had become a civilian settlement (vicus) with a bath house and a mansio by the 2nd century.