Jews mainly reside in the cities of Baku, Ganja, Sumqayit, Quba, Oğuz, Goychay and the town of Qırmızı Qəsəbə, the only town in the world where Mountain Jews constitute the majority (and the only fully Jewish town outside of Israel).
Azerbaijan is part of the Caucasus Ecoregion, an isthmus between the Black and Caspian seas, which serves as a bridge linking Europe and Asia.
The country has rich biodiversity which historically was formed under the influence of the Turanian, Mediterranean, Near East, and European formation centers.
Within a two-hour drive it is possible to visit several ecosystems in Azerbaijan.
Starting from marine and coastal ecosystems on the Caspian shore, you can cross semi-deserts and steppes, deciduous forests, subalpine and alpine meadows, and reach the nival zone of the mountain peaks.
WWF ECP identifies 20 focal species for Azerbaijan (five species of sturgeon, five species of birds, and 10 mammals).
Azerbaijan uniquely includes examples of nine of the world’s key climate types, which defines this diversity of species and ecosystems.
eriwanensis), seven species of bird (Anser erythropus, Aquila clanga, Aquila heliaca, Falco cherrug, Leucogeranus leucogeranus, Otis tarda, Vanellus gregarius), and six species of mammal (Capra aegagrus, Gazella subgutturosa, Ovis orientalis, Pusa caspica, Rhinolophus mehelyi, Vormela peregusna) are considered globally threatened.
One species of annelid, one mollusk, 78 arthropods, nine fish, six amphibians, 14 reptiles, 71 birds, and 42 mammals are included in the last edition of the Azerbaijan Red Book (2013).
under trumped-up charges of embezzlement, illegal entrepreneurship, tax evasion and abuse of office.