He also studied at the Institute of Social Sciences in Moscow in the Soviet Union, specializing in social psychology; he obtained a postgraduate degree in 1988.
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He was promoted to the post of Minister of Communications in November 1998, serving in that post until January 2001, when the ruling National Democratic Congress (NDC) handed over power to the New Patriotic Party's government.
In 2000, Mahama was re-elected for another four-year term as the Member of Parliament for the Bole/Bamboi Constituency. From 2001 to 2004, Mahama served as the Minority Parliamentary Spokesman for Communications.
Mahama had his early education at Achimota School and then proceeded to Ghana Secondary School (Tamale, Northern region) and the University of Ghana, Legon, receiving a bachelor's degree in history in 1981 and a postgraduate diploma in communication studies in 1986.
As a student, he was a member of Commonwealth Hall (Legon).
In addition, Mahama won the majority of valid votes cast in eight out of Ghana's ten administrative regions.
Thirteen African Heads of State, one Prime Minister, two Vice-Presidents and 18 government delegations across the world attended his inaugural ceremony at the Black Star Square in Accra on 7 January 2013, when Mahama was sworn-in to begin his own four-year term.
Mahama is the first vice president to have ascended to the presidency due to the death of his predecessor, John Atta Mills, all on the back of rave conspiracy theories.
He was elected to serve a full term as President in the December 2012 election.
A member of the Gonja ethnic group, he hails from Bole in the Northern region.
Mahama was born in Damongo in the Damango-Daboya constituency of Northern region into a political tradition dating back to the country's First Republic.
President Mahama, the sole candidate of the party, polled 2, 767 votes, representing 99.5% of total votes cast, to pick the slot for the party.